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Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – Installing SharePoint (post #11)

This post is #11 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure
Post #5 – Master script
Post #6 – Disabling Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration
Post #7 – Active Directory setup
Post #8 – Configuring Password policy
Post #9 – Installing System Center Endpoint Protection
Post #10 – Installing SQL Server

Wow, so the last post was pretty intense, wasn’t it? I think we are ready for the next one: installing SharePoint. To build this script I used the following sources: http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/14582.sharepoint-2013-install-prerequisites-offline-or-manually-on-windows-server-2012-a-comprehensive-guide.aspx#Installing_the_Roles_and_Features_for_SharePoint_2013_on_Windows_Server_2012_Offline_with_PowerShell and http://blogs.msdn.com/b/uksharepoint/archive/2013/03/18/scripted-installation-of-sharepoint-2013-and-office-web-apps-server-from-the-field-part-2.aspx.

Since this is again a quite lengthly script we will split it up in steps.

Step A: enabling IIS and other features

This step enables a whole load of features on Windows that are required by SharePoint, including IIS. If a restart is required, the script will reboot after the setup of the features. Some times your machine might reboot more than once to complete the setup of all these features.

 

Step B: Installing SharePoint Prerequisites

SharePoint itself has a number of prerequisites; in this still we will install them all.

 

Step C: Installing SharePoint

SharePoint is installed in this step from the ISO that the script mounts.

 

Step D: Cleaning up

This step simply unmounts the SharePoint installation media.

 

Pff, are we done yet? No! Next up: Installing PowerPivot for SharePoint.

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – Installing SQL Server (post #10)

This post is #10 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure
Post #5 – Master script
Post #6 – Disabling Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration
Post #7 – Active Directory setup
Post #8 – Configuring Password policy
Post #9 – Installing System Center Endpoint Protection

In this tenth post we will get to the heart of it: installing SQL Server. After this script completes we will have SQL Agent, SQL Database, Analysis Services (multidimensional and tabular), Integration Services, Data Quality Services, Master Data Services, FullText search, Filestreaming, Development and Management tools and Reporting Services (both native and SharePoint integrated mode) installed. This script will be lengthier than earlier scripts simply because there is a lot more to do. Info I used to create this script: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms144259.aspx. Here we go.

Step A: creating new service accounts

In this step we first remove any service account that starts with ‘SQL Server’ and then create new serviceaccounts using the configured password.

 

Step B: making sure required features are installed

In this step we make sure .NET 3.5 feature is enabled in Windows.

 

Step C: Mounting the ISO and set up the parameters

We can now mount the SQL Server installation ISO and set up parameters for the setup to run with. We will do two phases (passes) since we cannot install both SSRS Native and SharePoint integrated mode and SSAS Multidimensional and Tabular mode in one go.

 

Step D: do the actual installations

Now we execute SQL Server setup with the right argument list. This configures instance names, service accounts and passwords and the features to install. The install will be silent.

 

Step E: wrapping up

In this step we unmount the SQL Server installation media and write to the log.

 

 

Next step: installing SharePoint

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – Installing System Center Endpoint Protection (post #9)

This post is #9 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure
Post #5 – Master script
Post #6 – Disabling Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration
Post #7 – Active Directory setup
Post #8 – Configuring Password policy

Although in the last step we configured a very permissive password policy we need a bit of security, so that is why I opted to install System Center Endpoint Protection. Now, in Azure you can also have extensions for security (both with Microsoft and 3rd party security products) so probably you will never install System Center Endpoint protection yourself, but for the sake of reference, here is how to install it using PowerShell.

Next step: installing SQL Server

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – Password policy (post #8)

This post is #8 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure
Post #5 – Master script
Post #6 – Disabling Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration
Post #7 – Active Directory setup

In this step we will configure a very permissive password policy. This of course requires that the previous step (setting up Active Directory) has successfully completed. The password policy set using this script is only suitable for demo environments since it is very, very (did I say very?) permissive; it sets a minimal password length of 0, does not record any history of passwords (you can re-use your password again and again), passwords never expire and do not have to follow complexity rules. So, even an empty password is allowed (although not recommended since your Windows services will then not start). However, having ‘1234’ as password would work perfectly under this policy (and no, this is not the password I use for my demo machines).

 

Next step: installing System Center Endpoint protection

Power BI and Cortana integration explored

With the big news of the Power BI and Cortana integration I could not wait until next week to publish this short video of me demo-ing this cool technology! In the video I ask Cortana a couple of questions on stats from my a part of my blog that I record using Google Analytics. How cool is that? This shows the unique ability of Microsoft to integrate a BI technology such as Power BI with Windows to make it very easy for users to get the information they need when they need it where they need it. Do you speak BI? Great stuff don’t you think?

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – Active Directory Setup (post #7)

This post is #7 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure
Post #5 – Master script
Post #6 – Disabling Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration

In this step we will set up Active Directory. This script has been inspired on http://blogs.technet.com/b/ashleymcglone/archive/2013/04/18/touch-free-powershell-dcpromo-in-windows-server-2012.aspx.

 

Next step: configuring a very permissive password policy.

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – Disabling Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration (post #6)

This post is #6 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure
Post #5 – Master script

In this step we will disable the Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration. In general IEESC is a great idea, but on demo machines it is not very useful and makes the demo less usable. This script comes from http://itproctology.blogspot.nl/2013/09/powershell-to-disable-ie-enhanced.html:

Next step: set up Active Directory.

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – master script (post #5)

This post is #5 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service
Post #4 –Preparation: logging infrastructure

Now that we have our preparation completed, it is time to present the master script. This script will be called by the user with parameters specifying what to install; also this script will call other scripts to install components and potentially reboot the machine and resume working. My master script is called ‘SetupMSBIDemoMachine.ps1’. It has one master switch called -DoAllTasks, what does as it says. Also, it provides switches to just executed a part of the total install, such as just installing SQL Server by specifying –InstallSQLServer. Optionally, this script can do automatic reboots of the server and auto-resume working after the reboot; very useful when –DoAllTasks is specified.

A sample call that would complete the full install with a certain domainname and passphrase (for SharePoint) and also auto reboots the machine would look like this:

Just running .\SetupMSBIDemoMachine -? returns the following info, which shows all the parameters available. The parameters map to the steps outline in the start of this series. Again, -DoAllTasks would mean just executing these steps in turn.

 

Part 1: Parameter binding

This part of the script binds to the parameters and specifies defaults for the password to be used for service accounts and the internal $Step variable. Also, note that by default AutoReboot is disabled.

 

Part 2: Imports

This part join-paths to make sure we have all the items we need; the script uses restart and resume functions as an include, these functions enable auto restart and resume of the tasks (available in RestartAndResumeFunctions.ps1). The other scripts included here are the scripts that actually do the work of installing and configuring services.

 

Part 3: Parameter passing

This part is used to pass parameters between the master script and downstream scripts, even after auto reboot.

 

Part 4: Setting global variables

Here some items are set up, such as the hostname of the machine, the current user name, the paths to ISO files for SharePoint and SQL. Also, the account name for the SharePoint farm account is specified here.

 

Part 5: the actual program

This part of the script calls the right downstream execution script with the right parameters.

Up next: the script that disables Internet Explorer Enhanced Security Configuration.

Automatically building a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – preparation: logging infrastructure (post #4)

This post is #4 in the series to automatically build a Microsoft BI machine using PowerShell – see the start of series.

In this series so far:

Start of series – introduction and layout of subjects
Post #2 – Preparation: install files using Azure disk
Post #3 – Preparation: install files using Azure File Service

Our final step in preparation is setting up a logging infrastructure. I found a very simple to use function online, see the code below:

Including this function in the script enables any step to write to a log by passing a $Message to this function.

Next post will be our master script.

Speaking at Experts Live 2015 on BI and Big Data

Just a quick post: Inviting all to visit Experts Live 2015, 19th of November in Ede, the Netherlands. I will be speaking on BI and Big Data.
See http://www.expertslive.nl/ for more info on the event.
Hope to see you there!EXPERTSLIVE.5011_email-signature_spreker_630x180

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